An Agreement That Ends Fighting Is Called
Macron`s office quoted him as saying that efforts should be made “immediately” to try to “find a lasting political solution to the conflict that allows the Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh to remain in good conditions and return to tens of thousands of people who have fled their homes.” The ceasefire of November 11, 1918 was the ceasefire signed at Le Francport, near Compiègne, which ended the ground, nautical and air fighting during the First World War between the Allies and their last adversary, Germany. Previously, ceasefires had been concluded with Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. The Compiègne ceasefire from where it was signed at 5:45 a.m. .m by the Allied commander-in-chief, French Marshal Ferdinand Foch, came into effect at 11:00 a.m. .m. Paris period on November 11, 1918, marking a victory for the Allies and a defeat for Germany, although formally not capitulation. Among the conditions proper, drafted largely by Foch, were the cessation of hostilities, the withdrawal of German forces behind the Rhine, the Allied occupation of the Rhineland and the bridgeheads further east, the maintenance of infrastructure, the surrender of aircraft, warships and military equipment, the release of Allied prisoners of war and interned civilians, possible reparations, no release of German prisoners and no relaxation of Germany`s maritime blockade. Although the ceasefire ended the fighting on the Western Front, it had to be extended three times until the entry into force of the Treaty of Versailles, signed on June 28, 1919, January 10, 1920. By November 1918, both the Allies and the middle powers, which had fought for four years, were almost no longer gas. This year`s German offensives had been defeated with heavy losses, and by late summer and autumn British, French, and American forces had consistently repulsed them. With the United States able to send more and more fresh troops into battle, the Germans were overwhelmed.
When Germany`s allies collapsed around them, the outcome of the war seemed clear. A much bigger obstacle, which contributed to the five-week delay in signing the ceasefire and the resulting social deterioration in Europe, was the fact that the French, British and Italian governments had no desire to accept President Wilson`s “fourteen points” and subsequent promises. For example, they thought that Wilson`s proposed demilitarization would be limited to the middle powers. There were also contradictions with their post-war plans, which did not include a coherent implementation of the ideal of national self-determination.  As Czernin points out, repeated attempts at a ceasefire, relayed by France, Russia and the United States – which together lead the “Minsk Group”, which has been trying for years to end the conflict, have failed several times in recent weeks. . . .