Us Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement
The agreement, which has not been published, represents an important moment as the United States begins to move from the dominant foreign force in Afghanistan to a more traditional role as a supporting ally. President Karzai said the agreement “will end the season of the last 10 years and open an equal relationship season. By signing this agreement, we will begin a phase between two sovereign and independent countries, which will be based on mutual respect, reciprocal commitments and mutual friendship.  At a substantive briefing on the strategic partnership agreement reached by senior administrative officials aboard Air Force One en route to Afghanistan, an unmentioned U.S. official said, “This agreement will make the Taliban, Al Qaeda and other international terrorist groups understand that they cannot wait. The agreement is not only a signal of long-term commitment from the United States, but also a document that enshrines the commitments between the two countries for a common purpose. Our commitment to support Afghanistan`s social and economic development, security, institutions and regional cooperation will be accompanied by Afghanistan`s commitments to accountability, transparency, oversight and protection of the human rights of all Afghan men and women.  Another U.S. official told the New York Times that the agreement was necessary to give the United States the ability to conduct counterterrorism operations to prevent Al Qaeda`s resettlement in Afghanistan and “ensure a regional balance that serves our national security interests.” And that`s why we`re getting into it.  The Taliban reacted within minutes to the draft agreement and issued a detailed statement condemning it as a gift to the Americans.
Second, on April 8, 2012, the United States agreed to cede control of special operations to Afghan forces.  Part of the agreement is to give Afghan military units greater control over controversial night operations, unpopular with indigenous peoples, and to place raids among Afghan judicial authorities, while U.S. troops play a supporting role.       The document was signed on 8 April 2012 by Afghan General Abdul Rahim Wardak and US General John Allen. “Today, we took another step towards a strategic partnership between the United States and Afghanistan. Above all, today we have taken a step closer to our common goal and vision of a safe and sovereign Afghanistan,” Allen said at the signing of the agreement.  For the partnership to work, the Afghan government must undertake political reforms, especially in the fight against corruption, said Brian Katulis, a national security expert at the Center for American Progress. “Over the past decade, American taxpayers have seen tens of millions of dollars wasted by a corrupt and ineffective Afghan government,” Katulis said. “Each transition plan must demand more responsibility from our Afghan partners.” The duration of the agreement is 10 years and requires both sides to replace the current agreement on the status of the armed forces with a bilateral security agreement to be negotiated within one year.
The areas covered by the agreement are military and security issues, as well as assistance in building the Afghan economy and its democracy.