Which Two Countries Signed The Anglo-German Naval Agreement

From a French point of view, it is obvious that the “normal balance” created between 1922 and 1935 between the great powers is disrupted by Germany`s hasty entry of 420,000 tonnes compared to the 144,000 tonnes granted to it by the maritime clauses of the Treaty of Versailler, and that this “normal balance” will only be restored when France increases its navy. To support this thesis, we could draw attention to a consequence of the Anglo-German naval agreement, which seems to go unnoticed. The Treaty of Washington granted France (like Italy) a tonnage of 175,000 tons. This was reduced to 105,000 tons (and 70,000 tons for Italy) by the first part of the Treaty of London, which France signed, as one might say incidentally, but never ratified. But under the June 18 agreement, Germany can build up to 35 percent of britain`s 525,000 tonnes for battleships, or up to 183,000 tonnes. The emphasis is all the more on France`s less favourable position. Germany already has four Germany-type pocket slaughterhouses, against which the former French battleships of the 1913-1915 era, still classified as “under-aged” under the Treaty of London, are not equal. Next year, Germany will build two 26,000-ton battleships. Compared to this large group, France has only the two types of dunquerque, which will be completed two years later, and a 35,000-ton battleship whose keel will be laid in September. While the Treaty of London prohibited France from building a second 35,000-tonne ship by 1 January 1937, the Germans were immediately free to use the full limit of their construction capacity to build all 89,000 tonnages of battleships still due to them after the construction of the four Germans and the two ships of 1935. In a more general sense, London was in a weak moral position to oppose German violations because of British defenders of German “theoretical equality” at the World Conference on Disarmament. The German response to the United Kingdom`s complaints about Part V violations was that they exercised only unilateral rights that the British delegation in Geneva wanted to grant to the Empire.